In view of the current global situation in view of the spread of Coronavirus or COVID-19 virus and the disruptive potential in the distribution chains that a pandemic situation can result, it is important not only to contain and mitigate the spread of the virus at this stage, but also to identify mechanisms and solutions that can, individually or together, minimize the problems that may occur in the entire value chain of the primary sector, from the production, distribution and commercialization of food to the population, this solution may be Aquaponics.
Aquaponics, (in conjunction with other modern production methods) is one of those productive systems that has the potential to solve food security problems, disrupt supply chains and decrease production through conventional methods based on the use of fossil fuels.
First of all, explain what aquaponics is and what it consists of.
Aquaponics is a circular productive system that brings together in a single closed or semi-closed circuit two other production methods: – Aquaculture and Hydroponics. Through the maintenance and / or production of aquaculture species in closed circuits, such as tanks and where a hydroponic system of vegetable production is added.
The use of a closed or semi-closed system results in a circular system, where one of the problems of aquaculture: organic and inorganic residues is the basis for the development of the necessary nutrients for Hydroponics. This results in the true definition of Circular Economy, where the waste of one activity is one of the fundamental components for the development of another activity.
Not only does aquaponics solve the problems of aquaculture residues, it also contributes to the sustainability of ecosystems and the environment, since being a closed or semi-closed circuit, water consumption in this productive method is reduced by about 90%.
But the advantages of using Aquaponics do not stop here, although those mentioned above may be very relevant, given the current world situation, aquaponics has the enormous advantage of being able to produce more food and in less time per square meter than soil agriculture.
And it is at this point that we should focus at this time and in the future, the production in a conscious, sustainable, ecological and biological way (yes, aquaponic systems have the potential to be organic and biological), providing nutritious food with a higher rate of production per inputs.
Another of the advantages that aquaponics enhances is that circular aquaponic systems can be placed virtually anywhere, land not suitable for cultivation, from underground bunkers, abandoned factories, inside residential buildings or offices, building roofs, supermarkets, shopping centers or even even, inside your home, on your balconies or in your backyards.
This is perhaps one of the great future advantages and potentials of aquaponics, the possibility of producing nutritious food accessible locally in communities, towns, cities and large metropolises, using the new computer and IOT (Internet Off Things) technologies, LED lighting and renewable energy, to fill the exposure of each community, city or country, to global threats capable of putting food security at home and potentially the general security of a country such as Portugal in the face of external threats.
GreenFin Aquaponics is an AgroTech based in Portalegre, originating from the Polytechnic Institute of Portalegre.
Fruit of Research and Development in Circular Aquaponics Systems, obtained through the integration of two distinct methods of food production: – Aquaculture and Hydroponics. In a single system, Aquaponia provides an integrated, sustainable, biological, ecological and economic production method for both the consumer and the producer.